Glass Mind Map
Glass Mind Map
Shows ideas developed with the group regarding the matters of:
- Objects Made of Glass
- Physical Properties
- Materials Used
- Historical Use
- Context of Historical Use
- Contemporary Use
- Emotional Relation
Light in Glass Jar
Light in Glass Jar
This image shows how light rays can be refracted by glass objects.
An example of the use of glass as an object in everyday life.
CHIHARU SHIOTA, BONE, AND COLLAGE
Intro to Chiharu Shiota
Chiharu Shiota is a installation artist from Japan. Shiota was born in 1972 in Osaka, she studied painting at the Seika University in Kyoto. Shiota then moved to Berlin in 1996 where she completed her studies in Braunshweig and then in Berlin. Shiota has been living in Berlin ever since. Shiota is well known for her large scale installations made of common objects we use in everyday life. However her selection of objects used usually represent certain ideas and memories. Shiota is now a internationally acclaimed artist. Her artwork has been displayed in several museums and gallaries around the world such as the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; La Maison Rouge, Paris; Freer & Sackler Gallery, Washington D.C.
Bone is a very special material. If man were to find a material of equivalent features to use in construction, then several advancements will be made. Bone is both very hard, and strong, yet it is very light in weight. It is composed of three different layers; the inner layer being the bone marrow, the layer in-between which is the cancellous bone, and the outer late which composes about 80% of a bone's mass, which is the cortical bone.
Human Rib Cage
Back of Human Skull
The three key titles we looked at in class regarding our project development were;
- Support: Jewelry/Accessories that support the body.
- Suspend: Jewelry/Accessories that can suspend to form shape on body.
- Surround: Jewelry/Accessories that surround the body creating personal space away or to other people/objects.
Our main task was to look at jewelry or accessories that connect with the body without taking the form or shape of the body. Therefore, it was very important that we take into consideration how the objects can be worn or placed on or around the body without falling. It was also very important to design an object which can later be made into a basic model made of primary materials.
My research was primarily focused on the ear, and how we can create an accessory that can be used in every day life while retaining a sense of style. After discussing with my group a set of different ideas I focused on creating an object that could be attached behind the ear and serve as storage for "cigarettes". I find it very often that I am left without a pack to place my cigarettes in and therefore resort to sticking them behind my ear, I also happen to forget them there most of the time. Therefore, part of my design was to create an object that would serve as a constant reminder, an object that can carry cigarettes and would not be forgotten behind the ear. I hence added two strings at both ends of the cigarette holder: one containing an item of certain weight which would remind one of its presence while balancing the weight of the object, the other string contained a plug which would be placed into the ear like "earphones" which would also help the object sustain its position behind the ear without falling, and also serve as a reminder of its presence. The string at the back of the ear could have objects/charms of different design for personalization.
Why hold one when it can hold two?
I also decided to create a second layer of "shelves" which would enable one too carry 2 cigarettes at a time. This idea came from London's double decker busses which are able to carry more people with taking extra space/mass on the street.
"The double decker cigarette holder."
Product Design - Poly Side Chair
During class we were asked to research, and redesign the "Poly Side Chair" by Robin Day. The Poly Side Chair is one of the most mass produced pieces of furniture due to several reasons. It is both light in weight and durable. It is designed in a way that can allow it to be stacked after use. The material it is made from (Polypropylene) is a very cheap and durable material, thus further prompting its production. It has become an iconic piece of furniture, found in several places such as schools, universities and conference venues. Therefore it was very important to put these factors which made it the icon it is today in mind when redesigning it. We were asked to alter its design in a way which would make it either customizable, more comfortable, or give it a function. I decided redesign the chairs legs. Instead of the steel tube for legs, we would place crutches. The mechanism within a crutch allows one to change its height, this feature makes the crutches both customizable, and more comfortable for those in need of them. The same can be applied to the "Poly Side Chair"; instead of having the regular steel tubes for legs, exchanging them for crutch like legs which would allow people to change the height of their chair according to their needs, making the chair more comfortable, and customizable. The legs with a crutch mechanism will still allow the chairs to be stacked; an iconic feature of the original design.
Poly Side Chair Original Model
Showing Different Sizes
Architecture - Platonic (and Archimedian) Solids
Today in class we were given bamboo sticks and plastic lock seals to build platonic (and archimedian) structures. A paper containing designs of different platonic structures was handed out to all groups. My group and I decided to split into pairs each choosing a basic structure to build. We then started combining our structures together forming a new structure. Then as a group we decided to alter the design of the new structure into something completely else. The final design looked like a building with a star-like roof. We placed sheets of paper covering some of the planes. We placed the sheets of paper onto different planes. Although we only used 3 sheets of paper which covered 3 planes out of an entire structure, it was very interesting to see that such change could completely alter the look of the structure we built.
Fashion Design Day 1
Fashion Design Day 2
These images show all of my groups U-shaped clear files with the designs retrieved from the sketches of their personal items projected altogether (including mine). The result was very intriguing, especially as we moved the different designs which overlapped each other to forming different outcomes.
Fashion for the Poor Origami
On our last day of the week we were assigned to do a project which revolved around the different techniques used over the course. My group and I came from several different nationalities. The nationalities were Jordan, Egypt, South Korea, Japan, and Hong Kong. We decided to create something that would reflect on our different cultures individually. We found that the one characteristic common in all of our countries was unfortunately poverty, and so we decided to create garments made of origami. Origami is a type of art in which paper is folded in order to resemble certain objects. Origami is heavily associated with Japanese culture. Origami being made of paper makes it very cheap and accessible to all people. Moreover, we decided to create garments made of paper, much like Origami. The garments were then worn by one of my group members. In the background we decided to draw sections of poor neighborhoods that existed in each of our countries. We also placed skyscrapers in the background to create contrast which reflects on the sophisticated look one can create using simple objects like paper.
Fine Arts - Collections
Our week in fine arts focused primarily on creating pieces out of collections. Collections are any material (objects, people, places, etc. ) that share a certain theme or concept. The emphasis was less on what the collections revealed, and more on the methods, and process of collection used, as well as the different methods of presentation. This meant that the final outcome of our project could be based on the process of collection itself. During class we were introduced to several different methodologies. The methods introduced were:
- Performance Art
Insertions into ideological circuits
Born in 1948, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Cildo Meireles is a sculptor, conceptual artist, and installation artist. Meireles is well known for his large sized installations targeting oppression, and corruption in Brazil. Meireles began studying art at the District Federal Cultural Foundation in Brasilia. Meireles began his career as an artist focusing solely on drawing as his artistic medium. It wasn't till 1968 when Meireles shifted direction to installation art. Due to the heavy censorship on art during Meireles time emerging as an artist, Meireles constantly attempted to create art in a way that would pass of as ok, although being political. Meireles has had his work exhibited globally.
Insertions into ideological circuits:
Insertions into ideological circuits was a project that Meireles created. Merieles would write messages in white on coca cola bottles that would be recycled and then redistributed. Due to the messages being in white color, they would not show when the bottle is empty and therefore could not be identified. However, when the bottles are filled once more to be redistributed the white text appears with the brown colored coke is returned in to the glass bottle. The text written included political messages such as "Yankees go home", as well as tips and information to the public on how to fight dictatorships, such as directions on how to turn the bottle into a molotov cocktail.
Banksy on Mass Media and Graffiti
Rich Simmons Using Street Advertisements for Background
During our first class in the fine arts week we were each given a word. We were then assigned to collect material related to this word. There were no limitations as to what the material we collected was. It could be objects, photographs, sounds, scents, etc. The word I received was discarded, meaning left behind. On my way to the Tate I passed by a tunnel which is known to have lots of graffiti on its walls. On the floor of the tunnel I found lots of used cans of spray paint left behind by fellow artists. I also found used brushes and spray caps. After visiting the Tate museum I was inspired in many different ways by the work on display. I loved how Theaster used actual objects to comment on social and political issues. I was also very intrigued by Harocki's use of medium of other artists to create a piece of his own. When I thought of the word "discarded", and used spray cans, it hit me that graffiti is a discarded form of media and propaganda, and therefore decided to create a piece using the abandoned spray paint which reflected on the "alternative forms of propaganda". I looked up several artists, and their take on the subject. I found a letter written by one of the most prominent graffiti artists in the world, Banksy. Banksy writes, "People are taking the piss out of you everyday. They butt into your life, take a cheap shot at you and then disappear. They leer at you from tall buildings and make you feel small. They make flippant comments from buses that imply you’re not sexy enough and that all the fun is happening somewhere else. They are on TV making your girlfriend feel inadequate. They have access to the most sophisticated technology the world has ever seen and they bully you with it. They are The Advertisers and they are laughing at you.You, however, are forbidden to touch them. Trademarks, intellectual property rights and copyright law mean advertisers can say what they like wherever they like with total impunity.Fuck that. Any advert in a public space that gives you no choice whether you see it or not is yours. It’s yours to take, re-arrange and re-use. You can do whatever you like with it. Asking for permission is like asking to keep a rock someone just threw at your head.You owe the companies nothing. Less than nothing, you especially don’t owe them any courtesy. They owe you. They have re-arranged the world to put themselves in front of you. They never asked for your permission, don’t even start asking for theirs.". I found this statement totally in line with my thoughts. I decided to approach the issue as if it were a war, a war between mass media, and the alternative forms of propaganda on the street. I found that other than graffiti, paste-ups are also a common tool used by the people for propaganda. Furthermore, I decided to create the outfit of a soldier fighting in this war. Using the abandoned spray cans, caps, and brushes I attempted to "fabricate" them in order to for them to resemble a gun. As for the suit itself, I was mainly inspired by graffiti artist Rich Simmons, who tears down advertisements and pastes them on to the background of his paintings. Moreover, I went down and started tearing off all the paste ups I could find in the street. I then placed the paper in a bucket filled with glue and hot water, this made the papers surface sticky. I then randomly pasted the paper onto a construction workers vest and helmet. As the paste ups were torn and placed randomly, they resembled a camouflage suit. The vest, helmet and gun were then displayed all together. It was very interesting as to how the final outcome of the project was portrayed, as many steps throughout the process were inspired by other artists work.
Anti Propoganda Final Project
Letter Press Printing was the technique used to print text from the 15th till the 19th century.
Shephard Fairey Screen Print
Shephard Fairey is an American contemporary artist, he is also considered one of the most prominent street artists in the world. Shephard Fairey is the man behind OBEY. Shephard Fairey uses screen printing as a technique/medium for a lot of his work. In most of his pieces he uses the traditional red, white, and black color palette.
I love most of Shephard Fairey's work, I really like how he fills every inch of his piece with detail. The background stencils are very detailed. He is the reason why I want to further experiment with the screen printing technique. I'm particularly interested to learn which colors overlap each other.
Malika Favre's "Lady Liberty"
Malika Favre is a French graphic designer, and illustrator. She is well know for her ability to create work that plays around negative space.
Malika Favre also takes a bold, minimalistic approach to her work, I like how she uses color to define lines, without ever using lines. Her use of positive/negative space is very interesting.
Saul Bass Cover
Soul Bass is an American graphic designer, and Filmmaker. He is very well known for his film posters, title sequences, and corporate logos. Bass is also an academy award winner. Saul worked along side several prominent directors along the years such as Stanley Kubrick, Martin Scorsese, and Alfred Hitchcock. Bass designed tens of movie credits and titles for films such as; Goodfellas, Physco, and Spartacus.
Peter Saville is an English graphic designer and artist. Saville is well known for his record sleeves.
Construction Worker Reflection
Construction Worker Reflection
An example of a reflective surface.
View from Inside of Glass Cup
View From Inside of Glass Cup
This photograph shows how images can be distorted if taken behind different angles and curves in glass objects. A modern day example would be the different lens used by photographers, such as the "fish-eye lens".
An example of use of glass in modern technology.
"In Silence" was a installation displayed at the Akademie Schloss Soltiude, Stuttgard. The installation was made using black wool, a burnt grand piano, and forty burnt chairs. Shiota associates the silence produced by a burnt piano (which is obviously non functional) to that while walking home, alone. The black wool strings that surround the burnt piano and chairs to her are a representation of her feelings as she [Chiharu Shioto], evidently states, "the threads are interwoven into each other. Get entangled. Are torn apart, and disentangle themselves. It is like a mirror of feeling".
Einsame Zelle is another installation by Shiota. "Einsame Zelle" is German for "solitary cell". It was displayed at the Neye Nationalgalerie in Berlin. The installation is composed of old wooden windows, a chair in the center of the installation, and a light bulb. Shiota was inspired to create this installation after she started thinking of the lives of people who lived in buildings that could oversee the other side of the wall separating East Germany and West Germany. After visiting the construction site, Shiota stated, "when I look at disregarded windows at a construction site, I imagine the life of people who looked from East Berlin over to the life of West Berlin. What might have they felt then?". Shiota also contacted owners of flats which still contain the remains of these windows, she would then bargain them over a suitable price and buy the windows to place them in her installation.
"Bathroom" is a set of video stills. The stills show Shiota wet and covered in mud, sitting on the floor in a bathroom.
Full Human Body Skeleton
Human Foot Skeleton
Lenticular Print of Head/Skull
Poly Side Chair Redesigned Model
There are only 5 platonic solids.
Each of them have "regular length edges, are regular in size and shape of faces, and have regular angles throughout". This means that all of the faces are identical. Moreover, every vertex has 3 or more sides that meet together. This makes it impossible for any other than the 5 above to become a platonic solid.
"Archimedean solids are variants of the platonic solids and have regular length edges, but have two or three different faces. The angles are regular within a face, but vary from face to face". This means that unlike the platonic solids, the angles differ according to the face. There are 13 Archimedean Solids:
Fashion Design Day 2
We were asked to bring in 5 items of personal value. At first I couldn't figure out how these objects were to be used in a fashion design course. We were then asked to create several sketches of the objects. From these sketches we were able to pick out different colors, techniques, and shapes. We then started drawing the shapes using different colors and techniques onto clear sheets. These clear sheets were then projected onto the wall. It was interesting to see how the projection could be altered as to how we directed the projector. We also had the projections projected onto ourselves creating a sort of "virtual fashion".
Trip to the Tate
Bernd & Hilla Becher
Bernd & Hilla Becher
Bernd & Hilla Becher are two German conceptual artists.They first met in 1957 as students at Kunstakademie Dusseldorf. They worked together on several collaborations until 2007 when Bernd passed away. Most of their work revolves around photography. They are best known for their series of photographs of industrial buildings. These series of photographs are a collection. It is their method of collection which interests me the most, however it is their form of presentation which they are known for best. During our trip to the Tate we studied one of the duo's most notable work, the set of photographs of industrial power plants in the United Kingdom, and Europe. Although the locations of the different power plants were far apart, Bernd and Becher used a special method of collecting their photographs in order to create a sense of union amongst the pictures. They always took the same pictures, from the same angles, of the different buildings. They also made sure that the weather conditions were similar in order to avoid to much light, or to much shadow. They then set up their work in a grid format, with all their photos in black and white, and also being the same size. This allowed them to combine photographs of different buildings from different regions, taken on different dates in a way which made them look as they were all one. Therefore, promoting similarity and difference at the same time.
Theaster Gates - Civil Tapestry
Theatser Gates - Civil Tapestry
Theaster Gates is an american installation artist. A lot of Theaster's work is influenced by the need for social justice and action. During our visit to the Tate I was given the chance to study one of his works. The piece was hung on a wall on in a huge frame. Inside the frame there were no paintings, or drawings, instead there were a set of fire hoses vertically aligned together. The fire hoses used are all real, decommissioned fire hoses. Theaster attempts to reflect on police brutality, as he uses the fire hoses as a symbol to those (firehoses) used to spray down a group of peaceful demonstrators during the Civil Rights Movement back in 1963. I was very intrigued as to how one could use a set of objects to comment on social or political issues. Theatser's piece initially inspired my own collection.
Workers in 11 Decades
Harun Farocki - Workers Leaving the Factory
Harun Farocki is a german filmmaker. Farocki has made more than 90 films, however most of them being short experimental films, rather than feature films. During our visit to the tate we were exposed to one of Farocki's installations. "Workers Leaving The Factory" was a set of television screens placed on the floor showing shots of workers as they come in and out of their factories around different parts of the world, and in at different ages in time. Not all of the footage shown on the screens was shot by Harocki, as he incorporates footage of other filmmakers and directors. I found it very interesting as how he used the work of others to create that of his own. I found the choice of screens used to display the images very interesting. As they were neither black and white television screens, or were they advanced plasma TV screens, the screens used were similar to those used probably in the late 90's, this along with the footage of modern day factories, and footage that goes back 11 decades gives the installation a sense that it is timeless and ongoing.
Initial ideas for my collection
Anti Propoganda Gun & Helmet
Noma Bar De Volkskrant Cover
Noma Bar is an Israeli graphic designer, artist, and illustrator.
Noma Bar's work might appear to be simple to a certain extent, however I think he does a great job at conveying messages of deep meaning through the minimalistic approach he is taking (which is very very hard to do). This piece in particular caught my eye, as I was able to understand the context of the picture without needing to translate and read the text.
Chip Kidd Cover for Rolling Stones
Charles Kidd, also known as Chip Kidd is an American graphic designer, and writer. Kidd is well known for his creative book covers, and graphic illustrations.
Milton Glaser Bob Dylan Cover Art
Milton Glaser is an American graphic designer. Glaser's work has been displayed all around the world in several museums. His notable work is the "I ? NY" logo. Milton Glaser is also one of the founders of the NY magazine.